Philosophy of history , the study either of the historical process and its development or of the methods used by historians to understand their material. Historians, geographers, and social scientists have studied frontier-like conditions in other countries, with an eye on the Turnerian model. History at your fingertips. Limerick points out that Kennedy assumed that “the campaigns of the Old Frontier had been successful, and morally justified. Please try again later. Finally, he was from a school of progressive historians who liked to evaluate history analytically and systematically, on a grand scale and not focus on individuals.

Yet they also embraced democracy as they learned to live together and confront the difficulties they encountered as a group. If the continent could be viewed as a map from above, he said, one could see the “stages of social evolution, from west to east” displayed by these three stages, from “savagery to civilization”. As it turned out, a different view of the frontier was being presented in Chicago the very same day by another prominent Western figure, Buffalo Bill Cody. In Search of the European and American mind pp. They adapted to the new physical, economic and political environment in certain ways—the cumulative effect of these adaptations was Americanization. Start Your Free Trial Today.

Click here to sign up. Who was Frederick Jackson Turner?

With due credit to Thompson, I believe tthe this is fronteir part of the “multi-faceted” western history that he called for. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Historians, geographers, and social scientists have studied frontier-like conditions in other countries, with an eye on the Turnerian model. While Turner viewed the frontier as a peaceful conquering of the wilderness, Cody saw it as a violent conquest of savages. Contact our editors with your feedback.

He and his “Wild West” show rolled into town, drawing large audiences of up to 18, people. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.


how accurate was frederick jackson turners thesis about the american frontier

The tensions between small churches as a result of this fight, Turner states, exist today because of the religious attempt to master the West and those effects are worth further study. Skip to main content. Frederick Jackson Turner “The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward explain American development. William Appleman Williams led the “Wisconsin School” of diplomatic historians by arguing that the frontier ablut encouraged American overseas expansion, especially in Asia, during the 20th century.

The Frontier Debate

Nash, “The frontier thesis: Poor health forced his early retirement from Harvard in Frederick Jackson Turner was born in and lived at an important time in the development of America. Mode inargued that churches adapted to the characteristics of the frontier, wad new denominations such as the Mormonsthe Church of Christthe Disciples of Christand the Cumberland Presbyterians. Please try again later. Whereas Turner saw the development of American character occur just behind the frontier line, as the colonists tamed and tilled the land, Roosevelt saw it form in battles just beyond the frontier line.

Many historians have put their opinions of Turner into writing— with books, essays, and theses of their own, all on this heated frontier debate.

Frederick Jackson Turner

Everything in American history up to the s somehow relates the western thhesis, including slavery. He argued that the frontier had meant that every American generation returned “to primitive conditions on a continually advancing frontier line. My call is to the young in heart, regardless of age—to the stout in spirit, regardless of party.


Salt was a staple in the lives of these settlers, as well as something that had still tied them to the East up until this point. Turner was born in Portage, Wisconsin, in Subsequent critics, historians, and politicians have suggested that other ‘frontiers,’ such as scientific americn, could serve similar functions in American development.

Turner represented the frontier view of academia, while Cody sought to entertain the public. His deep, melodious voice commanded attention whether he was addressing a teachers group, an audience of alumni, or a branch of the Chautauqua movement. He traced the social evolution of frontier life as it continually developed across the continent from the primitive conditions experienced by the explorer, trapper, and trader, through maturing agricultural stages, finally reaching the complexity of city and factory.

how accurate was frederick jackson turners thesis about the american frontier

Turner and Roosevelt diverged on the exact aspect of frontier life that shaped the contemporary American. Turneers shows how history shapes the way we see the world. Historians have noted that John F. The settler who had once been European in quality and culture was thrown into the wilderness, and would find himself devolved into a buckskin-wearing, hooting and hollering backwoodsman.

Addresses and Opinions of Franklin Delano Roosevelt p. In his career as a historian he went a step further than most of his acfurate by persuading politicians to put social reforms in place to improve the lives of Americans.