MT PINATUBO CASE STUDY GCSE

Email required Address never made public. Fine ash fell as far away as the Indian Ocean, and satellites tracked the ash cloud several times around the globe. It is also the largest eruption to affect a densely populated area. It is one of the biggest volcanoes in the Philippines and was about ten times larger than the eruption of Mount St. It exploded in and had some catastrophic effects, both for the people of the Philippines and the USA air force at Clarke airbase. Sulfur dioxide in the atmosphere which came from the volcano mixed with water and oxygen in the stratosphere atmosphere to become sulfuric acid, which in turn triggers ozone depletion.

It is located at the plate boundary between to the Eurasian and Philippine Plate. Placed strategies for long term aid and disease control in evacuations prepared for. A blanket of volcanic ash sand- and silt-size grains of volcanic minerals and glass and larger pumice lapilli frothy pebbles blanketed the countryside. The economy of central Luzon was horribly disrupted. About , people who evacuated from the lowlands surrounding Pinatubo before and during the eruptions have returned home but face continuing threats from lahars that have already buried numerous towns and villages. This site uses cookies. This team contained Rick Hoblitt and Dave Harlow.

At least 20, were estimated to have been saved from the eruption, largely due to aggressive monitoring and public information campaigns.

There was also stuey and short term aid organized, particularly from the Red Cross and the United States. Although much equipment was successfully protected, structures on the two largest U. After the eruption, a lake was formed in the crated 2.

mt pinatubo case study gcse

A blanket of volcanic ash sand- and silt-size grains of volcanic minerals and glass and larger pumice lapilli frothy pebbles blanketed the countryside. Global cooling caused by ash in the atmosphere of 0. In March and Aprilmagma cqse rising towards the surface from more than 20 miles beneath Pinatubo.

  BIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY ON MARTIN WICKRAMASINGHE

The ash that was ejected from the volcano mixed with the water vapor in the air to cause a rainfall of tephra that fell across almost the entire island of Luzon. In order to prevent further impacts from the eruption, the organisations involved could set up permanent monitoring points or use satellite images to analyse xase in land movement and predict future volcanic eruptions at the site.

Pinatubo Volcano Case Study () – geographywizard

When Mount Pinatubo erupted in the Philippines June 15,an estimated 20 million tons of sulphur dioxide and ash particles blasted more than 12 miles 20 km high into the atmosphere, causing widespread destruction and loss of life. Set up permanent monitoring points or use satellite images to look upon volcano site for changes in land surface.

To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: You are commenting using your WordPress. Evacuation camps and Government shelters were built for those oinatubo.

mt pinatubo case study gcse

Therefore, it is good to contrast caze different countries in terms of the impacts and responses to past events. It is one of the biggest volcanoes in the Philippines and was about ten times larger than the eruption of Mount St. Had the typhoon not been present, the death toll would have been lower.

mount pinatubo

This team contained Rick Hoblitt and Dave Harlow. The eruption is believed to have influenced such events as floods along the Mississippi river and the drought in the Sahel region of Africa. It is reported that stdy the eruption, the Pinatubo volcano was actually 1,m high.

Fast flowing volcanic mudflows lahars cause sever river bank erosion, undercut bridges etc.

Powerful volcanic eruptions

pihatubo But it is still difficult to predict eruption timing and scale. Commercial aircraft were warned about the hazard of the ash cloud from the June 15 eruption, and most avoided it.

  HFU THESIS SEMINAR

You are commenting using your Facebook account. It then resurfaces as the density of the molten magma becomes lower than that of the rock, and so it pushes it up through the small cracks and explodes out through a volcano.

Rice paddies and sugar-cane fields that have not been buried by lahars have recovered; those buried by lahars will be out of use for years to come. Also the volcano ejected 10km 3 of magma. USA air force helicopters helped. Thousands of small earthquakes occurred beneath Pinatubo throughout April, May and June in The extrusion of a lava dome on June 7 led to the issuance of a Level 5 alert on June 9, indicating an eruption in progress.

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Powerful volcanic eruptions – GCSE Geography – BBC Bitesize

Gcsd ash is blown in all directions gcae hundreds of KMs, smothering fields and buildings. After observation of the surrounding area, the team noticed heavily eroded ash and rock deposits that had extended from the volcano for miles on all sides, which was an indication that previous volcanic eruptions were large, which could mean a similar fate for the eruption brewing in Pinatubo.

Back to Main Page. June 12 th — June 15 th Facts about the Philippines: Dams were built to control the destructive lahars that followed the eruption, and recovery costs totalled billions of Philippine pesos.