The shanty towns have grown spontaneously with no planning, and so have no proper roads, pavements or local services like hospitals. Many people need jobs therefore they locate close to factories. The population of Rio de Janeiro has grown for a number of reasons. The football World Cup was hosted there in , and the Olympic Games were held there in Headquarters of major industries are located here, including Petrobras energy company , Vale mining company and Grupo Globa telecommunications.

The has been caused by rural to urban migration. High levels of crime, violence and drug abuse blight many of the favelas. Standpipes provide running water. However even arranging refuse collection can be difficult. Tourism Tourism — Remember it!

Cities – Rocinha in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

It rocinhaa the capital city of Brazil up untilwhen it was replaced by Brasilia. Three main features of a shanty town are: It is home to between 60, topeople. Many people need jobs therefore they locate close to factories. Many wealthy people live close to the central business district – right next to the favelas. Customer Service Remember it, Test it! Pollution – from traffic congestion in the city centre, and from industrial zones.

Urban environments – Revision 11 – National 5 Geography – BBC Bitesize

Higher Subjects Higher Subjects up. The city cannot grow because of physical factors – there are mountains to the north and west, and sea to the south and east. Developing country case study – Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro is one of Brazil’s largest settlements with a population gce approximately 6. Not all people living in Rio de Janeiro are poor. When water is polluted — by animal or human waste, chemicals and industry — diseases like cholera and dysentery become rife.


The Variety of Living Organisms Organism variation: Living Rocunha Living World — Remember it!

wtudy They are also called favelas Brazil or bustees India. With the country undergoing rapid development, car ownership has grown and the central business district is very congested with high levels of air pollution.

Infant mortality rates are high in favelas, 50 per compared to a national rate of 15 per Squatter camps Hundreds of immigrants arrive in Rio each day.

Middle level residential areas have developed near the airport and highways. Natural Increase is one reason for its growth this is when the birth rate is higher than ccase death rate. Construction of a dwelling in the favela of Rocinha.

rocinha case study gcse geography

The houses in these settlements have no basic amenities such as running water or toilets so there are high incidences of diseases such as cholera and dysentery. Culture – Rio is famous for its annual carnival, samba schools, and sporting events. The arrival of large numbers of migrants has a huge impact on housing, health services and the environment.


The local residents provide the labour. Many new migrants to cities in LEDCs cannot afford housing. Environmental challenges Urban rocniha – this is an issue as the city continues to grow rapidly, encroaching on surrounding rural countryside areas. Unpaved roads are usually present and there may be some shared toilets available.

Rio De Janeiro – Rocinha

People here are squatters, with no legal rights to the land they occupy. Natural increase is one cause of increased population, but migration is the major factor.

Tourism Tourism — Remember it! Often families have to share one tap, there is no sewerage provision, disease is common and many people are unemployed. What is the Impact of Crime and Deviance on Society? Favelas are located on the edge of most major Brazilian cities.

These settlements are illegal and are therefore not catered for by the government.

rocinha case study gcse geography

Social challenges Migration Rio has experienced rapid growth in recent years because of rural to urban migration.